They are calling for new laws and tougher penalties for mistreatment

Civil and commercial law regards animals as objects, and ignores concepts such as sensibility or sensitivity.
The Civil and Commercial Code considers animals to be “things,” ignoring concepts such as “feeling off” or “allergic.”

approx 70 years since the animal abuse law was punishedOrganizations, activists and legal professionals are calling for tougher sentences for perpetrators of atrocities, despite recognizing the importance of educating and educating the community about the animal perspective, within the framework of Animal Day, which is celebrated on April 29 each year.

Argentina has Three criminal laws that protect animal rights at the national level.

One of them is Law No. 14346 “Abuse and Cruelty to Animals” passed in 1954, which provides prison terms from fifteen days to one year for anyone who commits acts of abuse or cruelty towards an animal, which was sought to reform in 2019 In the House of Representatives, but eventually lost his parliamentary standing.

Griselda Engelhard, attorney and member of the Association of Officials and Lawyers for Animal Rights (AVADA), Lalam explained.

In this sense, he explained that in addition to tightening the provisions, a new law should consider a section dedicated to the penal code. education Because “nothing is better than teaching children to respect the lives of other animals from the start.”

“The animals went from being a thing to being subject to the law, but the current law doesn’t think about that because if you were to declare all the animals, there are activities that cannot continue”Griselda Engelhard, member attorney at Afada

Engelhard is of the opinion that the normative pigtail should be supplemented by other laws or include chapters prohibiting all kinds of shows in which animals participate, prohibiting experiments, forbidding sale so as not to encourage underground farms and classify offenses as desertion, draft of blood (TASS) and vigor.

“Today, justice treats cases as an act of abuse or cruelty, and since the criminal type is broad, it will be left to the judge’s discretion by veterinary reports establishing whether it was a crime or not, as it was not properly defined,” he noted.

On the other hand, the idiosyncratic construction “a non-human person”which was first awarded in the country to the orangutan Sandra in 2014, and later acquired by some primates and elephant mara in 2020, has not been contemplated in any current regulations and has been accomplished through individual failures.

“In those cases, the animals went from being a thing to being subject to the law, but the current law doesn’t think about that because if you’re going to declare all the animals, there are activities that they can’t go on, and we know there are vested interests,” Engelhard explained.

In addition, she pointed out that Article 227 of Civil and commercial law considers animals “things”neglecting concepts such as “to be conscious” or “to be conscious”.

Sandra spent 20 years at the former Buenos Aires Zoo until, in an unprecedented judgment, she was considered a sentient being.
Sandra spent 20 years at the former Buenos Aires Zoo, until she was considered a “conscious being” in an unprecedented judgment.

The second Animal Defense Act, 22421, which was passed in 1981, protects wildlife, cares for endangered species, regulates hunting and controls the environment in which they live.

To which is added the most recent law approved 27330 of Dog racing ban For 2016, which provides for imprisonment from three months to four years and a fine of $4,000 to $80,000 for those practicing these practices, hundreds of greyhounds have been rescued and certified in recent years.

Motivated by this regulation, the Civil Society Struggling for Social Integration and Animal Law (Aluisa) seeks to punish a Law “Nomastas”which ends with the informal activity of collecting urban waste involving a horse, donkey or other animal.

The initiative was introduced in the House of Representatives but lost its parliamentary standing in 2019 and again in 2021.

“The Aluisa requires a certain law because it involves a complex problem,” Eliana Couso, president of Aluisa, told Télam, stressing that the association rejects any kind of animal exploitation.

“The use of animals for sport, for dressing or eating, or as a means of transportation is something man ascribes to the animal,” Couso explained, against the idea that race advocates supported it when they argued that “greyhounds were born to run.”

The activist confirmed that Tas has an associated problem, which is horse slaughterIn Argentina, there is no culture of eating horse meat that is exported. He warned that “stolen horses have been found, and animals that pull carts and are deemed no longer useful go to the so-called ‘trash’; there is a market to be investigated.”

Other current bills in the House of Representatives are “Minimum Protection Budgets for Urban Animals” and one of “My Botanical List” To apply in the menus of restaurants that contain a dish of this type of food.

The chocolate dog crime marked a turning point when his case first reached an oral and public trial
The chocolate dog crime marked a turning point, when his case first reached an oral and public trial.

For Clara Rego, one of the legal directors of the NGO Pichichos al Rescate, animal abuse goes beyond the physical to the emotional and psychological level, criticizing that “punishments are low and sentences like the judgment of the Chocolat (the dog that died” after they were brutally attacked in Cordoba) is one of every million. Animals in the background.

Although he considered that there was “a tremendous change at the social level regarding the character of the animal, and in some cases dogs and cats are considered members of the family.”

“In order to be huge and to prove the problem of animals on the street, the state must keep up”Clara Rego, member of the NGO Pichichos al Rescate

Thus Rigaud emphasized the importance of ‘raising awareness’ and the idea that ‘we can all walk dogs; a laundry room is better than the street’.

He stressed that “they can make transfers or donate if they do not have the time. Although it will be huge and the problem of animals in the street has arisen, the state must accompany it.”

Along the same lines, Koso said, “There is a paradigm shift related to the environment and animals that we don’t see reflected in the legislation, but that is creating the foundations.”

“You can have the best law, but the judiciary must have an animal perspective and be trained”He stressed that “the penetration of academic fields such as discussions, forums, topics and diplomas in animal protection lays the foundations for the future.”

Sandra, Chocolate and Coco, Non-Human People

The classification of “non-human” was applied in an unprecedented way to the orangutan Sandra in 2014, the trial of the man who skinned the dog Chocolat alive, who died days later, and the rescue of Coco, a Karaya monkey who was found with a dwarfed body due to the abuse he received in Buenos Aires Palace, in recent years they have highlighted some progress in justice in the face of rare regulations against animal abuse.

New legal figures and innovative provisions have emerged to protect the rights of animals, as happened with Sandra, the captive-born orangutan in 1986 who became the first “non-human” to be recognized as a rights subject by Argentine justice in 2014.

• Sandra
Sandra spent 20 years at the former Buenos Aires Zoo, now Ecoparque, in Palermo, even in an unprecedented ruling, judge Elena Liberatore deemed her a “conscious being” and ordered the Buenos Aires government to ensure “natural conditions of habitat and activities necessary to maintain their cognitive abilities.”

In 2019, Sandra was transferred to the Great Apes Center in Florida, USA, where she currently lives.

• Cecily and Marie
The story of the orangutan was followed by the story of the chimpanzee Cecilia and the elephant Mara, who were also declared subjects of the law.

Cecilia, who spent two decades at Mendoza Zoo, was transferred by a court ruling in 2017 to the Sorocaba Reserve in Brazil; and Mara from the Buenos Aires Ecological Park to an elephant sanctuary located in Mato Grosso in an operation conducted in May 2020, in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic.

• Coconut
The case of Coco, the Karaya monkey, who was rescued in a raid last December in the Belgrano neighbourhood, while holding a huge party, added to the long history of the animals being abused.

Coco was found locked in a closet with no light, water or ventilation and in appalling sanitary conditions with atrophy of body parts and deformities.

He is currently in the Zorba Foundation awaiting a report from the Argentine Primatology Association (Aprima) on his health, which will determine if his transfer to the “Caraya Project” rescue center in Cordoba province is feasible.

The party organizer was charged with illegal possession of species of wildlife trafficking.

• chocolate
Even worse was the chocolate dog crime, which marked a turning point, when his case reached an oral and public trial for animal abuse for the first time.

The three-month-old pup was skinned alive and after eight days of suffering for a vet, he died in Cordovan, San Francisco in 2017, a crime committed by hairdresser German Gomez, who lived next door to the house where he lived. Animal.

Gomez was sentenced in 2018 to one year probation, and two years of community assignments.

• blonde
Like Chocola, the case of Rubio, a stray dog ​​who lived at a service station in the city of Mar del Toyo in Buenos Aires and died in 2019 of his injuries after Adrian Guillermo Rodriguez strapped him to a truck and pulled it into the truck. At high speed, he will be tried between May 19-20 and is expected to represent about 40 witnesses.

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